Simply Trees

European Fan Palm

Ships 1-2 days

Size
$158.00
 
Once a monthFull sunDeer resistantSpring to summer
 
  • Multi-Trunk Growth Habit: Often forms a picturesque clump of several trunks, creating a dense and bushy appearance.
  • Cold and Drought Tolerant: One of the most cold-hardy palms, it can survive temperatures down to about 10°F, and once established, it shows significant drought resistance.
  • Compact Size: Its relatively small stature and slow growth rate make it suitable for a variety of settings, including underplanting and container gardening.
  • Also known as the Mediterranean Dwarf Palm
 

More Details

The European Fan Palm, scientifically known as Chamaerops humilis, stands out as a compact and hardy palm species, celebrated for its adaptability and striking appearance. This slow-growing palm features a cluster of stout trunks and beautiful fan-shaped, blue-green leaves, adding a touch of Mediterranean charm to any landscape. Ideal for small gardens, container planting, or as an accent in larger landscapes, the European Fan Palm is notable for its cold tolerance, making it one of the most northerly palm species. Its ease of care, drought resistance, and ability to thrive in a variety of soil conditions make it a favored choice for gardeners seeking to add a durable yet exotic flair to their outdoor spaces.

Growth rate: Slow growth rate; typically reaches 6-15 feet in height and spreads 6-10 feet.

Please note: Images on our website depict plants and trees at full maturity to showcase their expected grown characteristics. These images are illustrative examples only and do not represent the size of plants or trees upon delivery.

Pruning: Remove dead or damaged fronds as necessary to maintain appearance and health. Trimming the lower fronds can also encourage a more tree-like form if desired.

Fertilization: Apply a palm-specific fertilizer in spring and summer to support healthy growth and leaf development.

Winter Protection: In the cooler end of its range, protect from severe cold with mulch, frost cloths, or by moving container-grown plants indoors.


Plant in spring or early summer to allow time for establishment before cooler weather. Choose a location with full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil. Dig a hole twice as wide and just as deep as the root ball. Place the palm in the hole, backfill with soil, and water thoroughly. Space multiple plants 6-10 feet apart to accommodate their mature spread. Mulching can help retain soil moisture and protect the roots in colder regions.

Water regularly to establish a deep root system, then reduce frequency. The European Fan Palm is drought-tolerant once established, requiring only occasional watering during extended dry periods. Performs best in full sun, where it develops the most compact and lush growth, but can also adapt to partial shade, especially in hotter climates.

Every product typically ships in 1-2 days. You will receive a shipping confirmation with your tracking number once your item(s) ship.

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!

In cases of extreme cold or hot weather, we may temporarily delay shipping to ensure the well-being of your plants. Our primary focus is on delivering healthy and thriving plants to you. Rest assured, we'll make every effort to notify you of any delays promptly.

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At Simply Trees, we're committed to your satisfaction. If your plants arrive considerably damaged or sustained damage beyond the point of recovery, please contact us within five days at sales@simplytrees.store with clear photos for assistance. Our 30-day guarantee covers issues after planting, subject to our terms and conditions. We can't cover plants in the wrong climate or with inadequate care, but we're here to help in other situations. For a detailed understanding of our 30-day guarantee and how we ensure a fair process, click here to learn more.

USDA GROW ZONE:

Zones 8-11

The European Fan Palm thrives in USDA Zones 8-11, where it can be planted outdoors year-round. Or zones 4-9 under a covered patio. It prefers well-drained soils but is adaptable to a range of soil types, including sandy, loam, and clay. Its ability to withstand cooler temperatures compared to many other palm species makes it a versatile addition to gardens in cooler climates, provided it is protected from extreme cold. In landscapes or containers, this palm adds structural beauty and a tropical feel.

Frequently Asked Questions

The European Fan Palm is a relatively small to medium-sized palm species, known for its compact growth habit and graceful appearance. Here's an overview of the typical size of the European Fan Palm:

Height: European Fan Palms typically grow to a height of 10 to 15 feet when mature. However, in optimal growing conditions, they can occasionally reach heights of up to 20 feet or more. The growth rate of the palm contributes to its ultimate height, with slower growth resulting in smaller mature specimens.

Spread: In addition to their height, European Fan Palms have a spread or canopy width that ranges from 6 to 10 feet. The palm's canopy consists of multiple fan-shaped fronds that radiate from a central point, creating a symmetrical and compact appearance.

Trunk: The trunk of a European Fan Palm is typically slender and covered with a fibrous layer of old leaf bases, giving it a textured and rugged appearance. The trunk may reach diameters of 6 to 12 inches at maturity, although it remains relatively slender compared to other palm species.

Foliage: The foliage of the European Fan Palm consists of fan-shaped leaves or fronds that grow in clusters at the top of the trunk. Each frond can reach lengths of 2 to 3 feet and consists of numerous segments or leaflets. The dense foliage adds to the palm's ornamental value and provides a lush and tropical appearance.

Overall, the European Fan Palm is a relatively compact palm species, making it well-suited for smaller gardens, courtyards, and landscapes. Its modest size, combined with its elegant foliage and resilience to various growing conditions, makes it a popular choice for Mediterranean and subtropical gardens, as well as for container planting in colder climates.

The growth rate of a European Fan Palm can vary depending on factors such as environmental conditions, soil quality, and care provided. Generally, European Fan Palms are slow to moderate growers compared to some other palm species. Here are some insights into the growth rate of European Fan Palms:

Initial Growth: When young, European Fan Palms typically exhibit slow growth as they establish their root systems and develop foliage. During this initial stage, growth may be minimal, with the palm focusing on root development to support future growth.

Establishment Period: European Fan Palms may take several years to establish themselves fully and reach a mature size. During this period, growth rates may vary but generally remain slow to moderate.

Mature Growth: Once established, European Fan Palms continue to grow at a steady pace, albeit slower compared to some other palm species. They typically grow 6 to 12 inches in height per year under optimal growing conditions.

Environmental Factors: Environmental factors such as sunlight, temperature, and soil moisture can influence the growth rate of European Fan Palms. Providing adequate sunlight, warmth, and moisture can promote healthy growth and development.

Container vs. Ground Plantings: European Fan Palms grown in containers may have slower growth rates compared to those planted in the ground. Restricted root space in containers can limit growth, although regular repotting and adequate care can help maintain growth rates.

Maintenance: Proper maintenance practices, such as regular watering, fertilizing, and pruning, can also affect the growth rate of European Fan Palms. Providing optimal growing conditions and care can encourage faster and healthier growth.

Overall, European Fan Palms are known for their slow to moderate growth rate, with steady but measured progress over time. Patience is key when cultivating these palms, as they may take several years to reach their full size and maturity. However, their elegant appearance and resilience make them a worthwhile addition to gardens and landscapes, rewarding growers with their beauty and charm as they mature.

The best place to plant a European Fan Palm depends on various factors such as climate, soil conditions, and available space. Here are some considerations to help you determine the best location for planting a European Fan Palm:

Climate: European Fan Palms thrive in Mediterranean climates but can also adapt to a wide range of temperate and subtropical climates. They prefer warm, sunny conditions and are tolerant of both coastal and inland environments.

Sunlight: Choose a planting location that receives partial to full sunlight for several hours each day. European Fan Palms require ample sunlight to thrive and produce healthy foliage. However, they can tolerate some shade, especially during the hottest part of the day.

Soil: European Fan Palms prefer well-draining soil rich in organic matter. Sandy or loamy soils with good drainage are ideal. Avoid heavy clay soils that retain water, as they can lead to root rot and other problems.

Protection from Wind: While European Fan Palms can tolerate windy conditions, providing some protection from strong winds can help prevent damage to their foliage. Planting the palm near a windbreak, such as a building or fence, can provide shelter from harsh winds.

Space: Consider the mature size of the European Fan Palm when selecting a planting location. These palms can grow up to 10-15 feet in height and spread, so choose a location with enough space for the palm to reach its full size without overcrowding other plants or structures.

Aesthetic Considerations: European Fan Palms make beautiful focal points in gardens, landscapes, or as specimen plants. Plant them in areas where they can be showcased and appreciated for their elegant foliage and architectural form.

Container Plantings: If planting a European Fan Palm in a container, choose a large pot with adequate drainage holes. Place the pot in a sunny location on patios, decks, or balconies where the palm can receive sufficient sunlight and be enjoyed up close.

Overall, the best place to plant a European Fan Palm is in a sunny location with well-draining soil, adequate space for growth, and some protection from harsh winds. With the right growing conditions, European Fan Palms can thrive and enhance the beauty of any garden or landscape setting.

Yes, you can plant a European Fan Palm in a pot, making it an excellent choice for container gardening. Here's how to plant a European Fan Palm in a pot:

Select a Suitable Pot: Choose a pot that is large enough to accommodate the palm's root ball with some room for growth. Ensure that the pot has drainage holes at the bottom to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.

Prepare the Potting Mix: Use a well-draining potting mix formulated for palms or a mixture of peat moss, perlite, and coarse sand. Avoid heavy soils that retain water, as they can suffocate the palm's roots.

Plant the Palm: Place the European Fan Palm in the center of the pot and fill the remaining space with potting mix, ensuring that the top of the root ball is level with the rim of the pot. Gently firm the soil around the base of the palm to secure it in place.

Water Thoroughly: After planting, water the palm thoroughly to settle the soil and ensure good root-to-soil contact. Allow any excess water to drain freely from the bottom of the pot.

Provide Adequate Light: Place the potted European Fan Palm in a location where it receives bright, indirect sunlight for several hours each day. Rotate the pot regularly to ensure even exposure to light and encourage balanced growth.

Monitor Moisture: Check the moisture level of the potting mix regularly and water the palm when the top inch or two of soil feels dry to the touch. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.

Fertilize Occasionally: Feed the European Fan Palm with a balanced fertilizer formulated for palms during the growing season (spring and summer) to provide essential nutrients for healthy growth. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for application rates and frequency.

Repot as Needed: Repot the European Fan Palm into a slightly larger container every 2-3 years or when it outgrows its current pot. Choose a new pot that is only slightly larger to prevent overpotting, which can lead to waterlogged soil.

By planting a European Fan Palm in a pot, you can enjoy its beauty and elegance on patios, balconies, or indoors, adding a touch of tropical flair to your living space. With proper care and maintenance, your potted palm can thrive and bring joy for many years to come.

Taking care of a European Fan Palm involves providing the right growing conditions, regular maintenance, and proper care to ensure its health and vitality. Here are some essential care tips for European Fan Palms:

Light: European Fan Palms thrive in bright, indirect sunlight. Place them in a location where they receive partial to full sunlight for several hours each day. However, they can tolerate some shade, especially during the hottest part of the day.

Watering: Water European Fan Palms regularly, especially during the growing season (spring and summer). Allow the top inch or two of soil to dry out between watering sessions to prevent overwatering. Adjust the frequency of watering based on environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, and soil moisture.

Soil: Plant European Fan Palms in well-draining soil rich in organic matter. A mixture of sandy loam and compost works well. Avoid heavy clay soils that retain water, as they can lead to root rot. Container-grown palms should be planted in a well-draining potting mix.

Temperature: European Fan Palms are cold hardy and can tolerate temperatures down to approximately 10 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit (-12 to -9 degrees Celsius). However, they prefer warmer temperatures and may suffer damage if exposed to prolonged freezing conditions.

Humidity: While European Fan Palms can tolerate a wide range of humidity levels, they prefer moderate to high humidity. If grown indoors, increase humidity levels by misting the foliage regularly or placing a humidity tray filled with water near the plant.

Fertilization: Feed European Fan Palms with a balanced fertilizer formulated for palms during the growing season (spring and summer) to promote healthy growth and vibrant foliage. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for application rates and frequency.

Pruning: Remove dead, damaged, or yellowing fronds from the palm regularly to maintain its appearance and health. Use clean and sharp pruning tools to prevent the spread of diseases.

Pests and Diseases: Monitor European Fan Palms for signs of pests such as spider mites, scale insects, or palm aphids. Treat infestations promptly with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Additionally, watch for symptoms of fungal diseases such as leaf spot or root rot and take appropriate measures to control them.

Repotting: If grown in containers, repot European Fan Palms every 2-3 years or when they outgrow their pots. Choose a slightly larger container with adequate drainage holes and fresh potting mix.

By providing proper care, European Fan Palms can thrive and beautify your indoor or outdoor space with their elegant foliage and graceful appearance. Regular monitoring, attention to watering and environmental conditions, and timely maintenance are key to keeping your palm healthy and flourishing.

The frequency of watering for a European Fan Palm largely depends on environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, soil type, and the plant's stage of growth. However, here are some general guidelines to help you determine how often to water your European Fan Palm:

Establishment Period: During the first few months after planting or transplanting, European Fan Palms require more frequent watering to help them establish a healthy root system. Water the palm regularly, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.

Environmental Factors: Factors such as temperature and humidity influence the palm's water needs. In hot, dry weather, or if the palm is grown indoors with low humidity levels, it may require more frequent watering to prevent dehydration. Conversely, during cooler, humid periods, the palm may require less frequent watering.

Soil Moisture: Check the moisture level of the soil regularly by inserting your finger into the soil near the base of the palm. If the top few inches of soil feel dry to the touch, it's time to water. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other problems.

Watering Depth: When watering, apply water directly to the root zone of the palm and allow it to penetrate deeply into the soil. Water the palm thoroughly until the soil is evenly moist throughout the root ball.

Seasonal Changes: Adjust your watering frequency according to seasonal changes in weather conditions. European Fan Palms typically require more frequent watering during the warmer months of spring and summer when evaporation rates are higher.

Container-Grown Palms: If your European Fan Palm is grown in a container, it may require more frequent watering than those planted in the ground, as containers tend to dry out more quickly. Check the soil moisture regularly and water as needed to keep it consistently moist.

Mulching: Applying a layer of organic mulch around the base of the palm helps retain soil moisture, regulate soil temperature, and reduce water evaporation. Mulching can help reduce the frequency of watering required.

Ultimately, it's essential to observe your European Fan Palm closely and adjust your watering schedule based on its specific needs and the prevailing environmental conditions. Aim to maintain a balance between providing adequate moisture and avoiding waterlogged conditions to promote the palm's health and vitality.

The European Fan Palm is renowned for its exceptional cold hardiness compared to many other palm species. It is one of the most cold-tolerant palms and can withstand temperatures down to approximately 10 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit (-12 to -9 degrees Celsius) without significant damage. However, prolonged exposure to temperatures below its cold hardiness limit or sudden temperature drops can cause injury to the palm, especially to its fronds. Providing some protection, such as wrapping the trunk or covering the plant during extreme cold events, can help mitigate damage and ensure the palm's survival in colder climates. Overall, the European Fan Palm's impressive cold hardiness makes it suitable for cultivation in a wide range of temperate and subtropical regions, including areas with relatively mild winters.

The fruit of the European Fan Palm (Chamaerops humilis) is a small, round berry-like structure known as a drupe. These fruits are typically orange to reddish-brown in color and are approximately 1 to 2 centimeters in diameter. European Fan Palm fruits usually contain a single seed inside. While the fruits are not typically consumed by humans, they can attract birds and wildlife, which may feed on them. Additionally, the seeds can germinate and produce new palm trees if they are dispersed and given the right conditions for growth.

European Fan Palms can turn brown for several reasons, and diagnosing the specific cause requires considering various factors. Here are some common reasons why a European Fan Palm might turn brown:

Watering Issues: Overwatering or underwatering can lead to browning of the leaves. If the soil is consistently soggy or dry, it can cause stress to the palm, resulting in leaf discoloration and eventual browning. Ensure that the palm is watered appropriately, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between watering sessions.

Environmental Stress: Exposure to extreme temperatures, especially cold temperatures or frost, can damage the foliage of European Fan Palms, causing it to turn brown. Additionally, exposure to strong winds or direct sunlight without adequate protection can lead to leaf scorch and browning.

Nutritional Deficiencies: Lack of essential nutrients, particularly potassium or magnesium, can manifest as browning or yellowing of the leaves. Consider fertilizing the palm with a balanced fertilizer formulated for palms to address any nutrient deficiencies.

Pest Infestation: Infestation by pests such as spider mites, scale insects, or palm aphids can cause damage to the foliage of European Fan Palms, leading to browning of the leaves. Inspect the palm regularly for signs of pest infestation and treat it promptly with appropriate insecticides if necessary.

Disease: Fungal infections, such as Fusarium wilt or Ganoderma butt rot, can affect European Fan Palms, causing leaf discoloration, wilting, and browning. If you suspect a disease is affecting your palm, consult with a professional arborist or plant pathologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Transplant Shock: If the palm has recently been transplanted or moved to a new location, it may experience transplant shock, resulting in browning of the leaves as it adjusts to its new environment. Provide proper care and maintenance to help the palm recover from transplant shock.

Root Rot: Overwatering or poorly draining soil can lead to root rot, which can affect the health of the palm and cause browning of the leaves. Ensure that the palm is planted in well-draining soil and avoid overwatering to prevent root rot.

To address browning of the European Fan Palm's leaves, assess the growing conditions, including watering, sunlight exposure, and soil quality, and take appropriate corrective actions based on the underlying cause.

Yes, European Fan Palms can be split through a process called division. Here's how you can do it:

Choose a Healthy Plant: Select a mature European Fan Palm that is healthy and has multiple stems or offsets (pups) emerging from the base.

Prepare the Palm: Carefully dig around the base of the palm to expose the roots and the area where the stems or offsets are emerging. Use a shovel or garden fork to gently loosen the soil around the plant.

Separate the Offsets: Identify the offsets or stems that you want to separate from the main plant. Use a sharp and sterile knife or pruning shears to carefully cut through the connecting roots, ensuring that each offset has its own root system.

Plant the Offsets: Once separated, replant the offsets in their desired location. Dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball of each offset and place it in the hole. Backfill the hole with soil and gently firm it around the base of the plant.

Water and Care: After planting, water the newly separated offsets thoroughly to help them establish in their new location. Provide regular watering and care as needed, including mulching, fertilizing, and protection from extreme weather conditions.

Monitor Growth: Keep an eye on the newly separated offsets and monitor their growth and health. With proper care and maintenance, they should establish themselves and grow into healthy, mature plants over time.

It's important to note that while European Fan Palms can be split through division, this process may not always be successful and can be somewhat challenging. It's essential to handle the plant with care and ensure that each offset has enough roots to support its growth. Additionally, division is typically done in the spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing and can recover more easily from the stress of being divided.

Our Process

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!