Simply Trees

'Black Gamecock' Louisiana Iris

Ships 1-2 days

Once a weekFull sunDeer resistantSpring to summer
  • Bold Coloring: Boasting deep purple to near-black velvety blooms, it offers a unique color palette that stands out from other iris varieties.
  • Water-Loving Plant: Especially suited for pond edges, bog gardens, or other moist areas, it thrives where many plants might falter.
  • Easy to Grow: Known for its robust nature and adaptability, it offers both beginner and seasoned gardeners a hassle-free gardening experience.

More Details

Black Gamecock Louisiana Iris, scientifically known as Iris x violipurpurea 'Black Gamecock', is a mesmerizing perennial that adds a dark elegance to gardens and landscapes. Celebrated for its velvety, near-black blooms that provide a striking contrast against its green foliage, this iris variety is a magnet for admiration and curious glances. With proper attention, the Black Gamecock Louisiana Iris flourishes across different climates, making it a prime choice for those looking to introduce a dramatic flair to their outdoor spaces.

Growth rate: Moderate growth rate; matures to a height of 24-30 inches with a spread of 18-24 inches.

Please note: Images on our website depict plants and trees at full maturity to showcase their expected grown characteristics. These images are illustrative examples only and do not represent the size of plants or trees upon delivery.

Pruning: After the blooming season, trim back any spent flower stalks to encourage a tidy appearance. Remove any yellow or browning leaves to maintain plant health.

Fertilization: Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring to support robust growth and flowering. Ensure the fertilizer is suitable for irises or aquatic plants if grown near water.

Winter Protection: In colder zones, consider mulching around the base of the plant to offer protection from freezing temperatures. Remove any decaying foliage before winter to prevent disease.

Choose a location that receives full sun to partial shade with well-draining, humus-rich soil. If planting near a water source, ensure the location doesn't get submerged but remains consistently moist. Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball, set the iris so that the top of the root ball is level with the ground surface. Fill the hole, gently firming the soil around the plant to eliminate air pockets. Water thoroughly after planting, ensuring the soil remains moist. Mulching around the plant can help retain moisture and suppress weeds. If planting in groups, space the irises about 12-18 inches apart to allow for growth.

The Black Gamecock Louisiana Iris has a penchant for moisture, thriving best when its roots are kept consistently wet, especially during its peak growing season. Ideally planted near water sources like ponds or in bog gardens, it requires sunlight ranging from full sun to partial shade. In particularly hot climates, some afternoon shade can be beneficial.

Every product typically ships in 1-2 days. You will receive a shipping confirmation with your tracking number once your item(s) ship.

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!

In cases of extreme cold or hot weather, we may temporarily delay shipping to ensure the well-being of your plants. Our primary focus is on delivering healthy and thriving plants to you. Rest assured, we'll make every effort to notify you of any delays promptly.

See how we pack your plants!

Learn more about our Shipping Policy

At Simply Trees, we're committed to your satisfaction. If your plants arrive considerably damaged or sustained damage beyond the point of recovery, please contact us within five days at with clear photos for assistance. Our 30-day guarantee covers issues after planting, subject to our terms and conditions. We can't cover plants in the wrong climate or with inadequate care, but we're here to help in other situations. For a detailed understanding of our 30-day guarantee and how we ensure a fair process, click here to learn more.


Zones 5-9

The Black Gamecock Louisiana Iris is highly adaptable, thriving in both cooler temperate regions and warmer climates. It is particularly fond of wetter environments, making it suitable for waterside plantings or bog gardens. Its resilience and adaptability make it a favored choice for gardens that experience a diverse range of seasonal changes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Louisiana Irises, including the 'Black Gamecock' variety, can vary in size depending on their specific growing conditions, age, and the particular cultivar. However, here are some general guidelines regarding their size:

Height: Louisiana Irises typically grow to a height of 2 to 4 feet when they are mature and in full bloom. The 'Black Gamecock' cultivar falls within this height range.

Spread: The spread of Louisiana Irises, or the width of the clump, can vary but is typically about 12 to 18 inches when the plants are mature. Keep in mind that they can spread further over time through their rhizomes, but this can be managed through division.

Foliage: The foliage of Louisiana Irises consists of long, slender, sword-like leaves that can reach lengths of 2 to 3 feet. The foliage remains attractive even when the plants are not in bloom.

Flowers: The blooms of 'Black Gamecock' and other Louisiana Irises are typically 3 to 4 inches in diameter and appear on tall stems that rise above the foliage. The exact size and color of the flowers can vary between cultivars.

Keep in mind that the size of Louisiana Irises can be influenced by factors such as soil quality, available moisture, and sunlight. Providing optimal growing conditions, including proper spacing and regular maintenance, will help ensure that your Louisiana Irises reach their maximum size and produce beautiful blooms.

Yes, Louisiana Irises, including the 'Black Gamecock' variety, can spread over time through their rhizomatous growth habit. Here are some key points to understand about how Louisiana Irises spread:

Rhizomes: Louisiana Irises produce underground rhizomes, which are horizontal stems that grow just beneath the soil's surface. These rhizomes can expand and multiply, giving rise to new iris plants.

Natural Growth: Under favorable conditions, Louisiana Irises will naturally produce new shoots and rhizomes. As they grow, the clumps of irises can become denser and more extensive.

Maintenance: To prevent overcrowding and maintain healthy growth and blooming, it's recommended to divide Louisiana Irises every 3-4 years. Dividing involves carefully separating the rhizomes and replanting them in new locations. This not only controls their spread but also rejuvenates the plants.

Propagation: You can also intentionally propagate Louisiana Irises by dividing the rhizomes and replanting them elsewhere in your garden or sharing them with other gardeners.

Spacing: When initially planting Louisiana Irises, be sure to space them adequately to allow for their natural growth and expansion. Proper spacing, typically 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 centimeters), helps prevent overcrowding.

While Louisiana Irises do spread through their rhizomes, this growth habit can be managed with regular maintenance, including division, to ensure that your irises remain healthy, well-spaced, and continue to produce vibrant blooms.

When planting Louisiana Iris, it's important to choose a suitable location in your garden to ensure their health and optimal growth. Here are some guidelines on where to plant Louisiana Irises:

Sunlight: Louisiana Irises thrive in locations that receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Therefore, select a spot in your garden that offers full to partial sun exposure. Morning sun with some afternoon shade can also be suitable, especially in regions with intense summer heat.

Soil Quality: These irises prefer well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH level around 6.0 to 7.0. The soil should be rich in organic matter and capable of retaining moisture without becoming waterlogged.

Moisture: Louisiana Irises require consistently moist soil, especially during their growing season in spring and early summer. Plant them in areas where you can easily provide consistent watering.

Water Features: These irises are often used around water features such as ponds, streams, or in rain gardens. They thrive in the naturally moist conditions near water, making them a great choice for wet or boggy areas.

Spacing: Plant Louisiana Irises with adequate spacing, typically 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 centimeters) apart. Proper spacing allows for healthy growth and good air circulation, reducing the risk of disease.

Visual Impact: Consider the visual impact you want to achieve in your garden. Louisiana Irises, including the 'Black Gamecock' variety, offer striking and colorful blooms. Plant them where they can be easily seen and appreciated, whether as a focal point or in mixed borders.

Protection from Harsh Conditions: Protect your Louisiana Irises from harsh winds, which can damage the tall, slender stems and delicate flowers. Planting them near a windbreak or providing some form of protection can be beneficial.

Garden Design: Integrate Louisiana Irises into your garden design to complement other plants and create a harmonious overall landscape. They work well in both formal and informal garden settings.

In summary, plant Louisiana Irises in a location that provides the right balance of sunlight, moist soil, and proper spacing. Consider your garden's specific conditions and aesthetic goals to create an environment where these beautiful irises can thrive and enhance your landscape.

Louisiana Irises, including the 'Black Gamecock' variety, generally prefer a sunny to partially sunny location in your garden. Here's a breakdown of their sunlight requirements:

Sunlight: Louisiana Irises thrive when they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. They are considered full sun to part sun plants. In regions with cooler summers, they can tolerate more sun, while in areas with hot summers, they may benefit from some afternoon shade to protect them from scorching heat.

Partial Shade: While they prefer full sun, Louisiana Irises can tolerate partial shade, especially if the shade occurs during the hottest part of the day. Morning sun with afternoon shade or dappled sunlight can be suitable for these irises in regions with intense sun and heat.

Soil Moisture: Regardless of their sun exposure, it's important to keep the soil consistently moist for Louisiana Irises. They thrive in damp conditions and prefer well-drained soil.

In summary, Louisiana Irises are sun-loving plants that perform best when planted in locations with ample sunlight. However, they can tolerate some shade, especially if they receive sufficient morning sun and if the soil remains consistently moist. When planting them, consider your local climate conditions and adjust their sun exposure accordingly to ensure their health and flowering.

Yes, Louisiana Irises benefit from being cut back at certain times of the year as part of their maintenance routine. Here are guidelines for when and how to cut back Louisiana Irises:

After Flowering: Once the Louisiana Irises have finished blooming, it's a good practice to trim back the flower stalks to their base. This helps tidy up the appearance of the plants and prevents the formation of seeds, which can divert energy away from the rhizomes.

Late Winter or Early Spring: In late winter or early spring, before the new growth begins, you can trim the old and tattered foliage from the previous year. Cut the leaves back to about 6 inches (15 centimeters) above the ground. This pruning encourages fresh, healthy foliage to emerge.

Regular Pruning: Throughout the growing season, monitor the foliage for any signs of damage, disease, or dead leaves. Prune these damaged or unsightly leaves as needed to maintain the plant's overall health and appearance.

Dividing: Every 3-4 years, divide your Louisiana Irises to prevent overcrowding and promote vigorous growth. This is typically done shortly after they finish blooming, during late spring or early summer. During the division process, you will naturally trim the roots and foliage as you separate and replant the rhizomes.

By following these pruning and maintenance practices, you can keep your Louisiana Irises healthy and looking their best. Pruning also helps prevent disease and maintains good air circulation around the plants, which is essential for their overall well-being.

The number of Louisiana Irises you should plant together depends on several factors, including the available space, the desired visual effect, and your overall garden design. Here are some general guidelines to consider:

Spacing: Louisiana Irises typically require spacing of about 12 to 18 inches between plants. This spacing allows for healthy growth and good air circulation, which can help prevent disease.

Visual Impact: Consider the visual impact you want to achieve in your garden. Planting irises in groups or clusters of three to five plants can create a more striking and dramatic display of color and texture when they bloom.

Available Space: Assess the size of your garden bed or the area where you plan to plant the irises. Ensure that there is enough room to accommodate the number of plants you intend to grow without overcrowding.

Growth Potential: Keep in mind that Louisiana Irises can spread over time through rhizome growth. If you plant them too closely together, they may become overcrowded, which can inhibit their blooming and overall health. You may need to divide and thin them periodically to maintain healthy spacing.

Garden Design: Consider how the irises will fit into your overall garden design. You may want to mix them with other plants or incorporate them into different garden beds or borders.

Maintenance: Planting an appropriate number of irises will make maintenance tasks like dividing and thinning more manageable in the future.

In summary, it's generally a good practice to space Louisiana Irises, including the 'Black Gamecock' variety, at least 12 to 18 inches apart to ensure healthy growth and prevent overcrowding. However, you can adjust the number of plants you group together based on your aesthetic preferences and the available space in your garden, keeping in mind the potential for future rhizome growth and maintenance requirements.

Caring for Louisiana Iris involves several important aspects to ensure their health and prolific blooming. Here are some care guidelines for these beautiful irises:

Planting Location:
Louisiana Irises thrive in full to partial sun. Ensure they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day.
Plant them in well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH of around 6.0 to 7.0.

Keep the soil consistently moist, especially during the growing season (spring and early summer). These irises prefer damp conditions but should not be sitting in waterlogged soil.

Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer formulated for iris plants in early spring as new growth emerges. Avoid excessive nitrogen, which can promote foliage growth at the expense of flowers.

Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plants to help retain soil moisture and regulate soil temperature. This is particularly important in hotter climates and during winter to protect against freezing temperatures.

Every 3-4 years, divide your Louisiana Irises to prevent overcrowding and encourage vigorous growth. Divide them shortly after they finish blooming, typically in late spring or early summer.

Trim back the foliage to about 6 inches after the flowering season to maintain a tidy appearance and prevent disease.

Disease and Pest Management:
Keep an eye out for signs of disease or pest infestations, such as leaf spots or aphids. Treat any issues promptly to prevent them from spreading.

Winter Care:
In colder climates, provide winter protection by mulching around the plants. This helps insulate the rhizomes from freezing temperatures.

Dealing with Waterlogged Soil:
If you have heavy clay soil that tends to become waterlogged, consider planting your Louisiana Irises in raised beds to improve drainage.

Observation and Maintenance:
Regularly monitor the health of your irises, and make adjustments as needed based on their specific conditions and any challenges they may face.

By following these care guidelines, you can ensure that your Louisiana Irises, including the 'Black Gamecock' variety, thrive and produce their vibrant and beautiful blooms. Proper care will help them flourish year after year in your garden.

The best fertilizer for Louisiana Irises is a balanced, slow-release fertilizer with a formulation specifically designed for iris plants. Here are some key points to consider when selecting and applying fertilizer for these irises:

Fertilizer Formulation: Look for a fertilizer with a balanced NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) ratio. For Louisiana Irises, a general-purpose granular fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 10-10-10 or similar is suitable.

Slow-Release Fertilizer: Opt for a slow-release or controlled-release fertilizer. These types of fertilizers provide nutrients to the plants gradually over an extended period, reducing the risk of over-fertilization and nutrient imbalances.

Application Timing: Fertilize Louisiana Irises in early spring, just as new growth begins. Avoid fertilizing during the late summer or fall to prevent encouraging new growth that may be vulnerable to winter cold.

Application Rate: Follow the manufacturer's instructions on the fertilizer package for the recommended application rate. Typically, you'll sprinkle the fertilizer evenly around the base of the plants, keeping it a few inches away from the rhizomes. Water the area thoroughly after application to help the nutrients penetrate the soil.

Organic Options: If you prefer organic fertilizers, consider using well-rotted compost or composted manure as a natural and slow-release source of nutrients. Apply organic materials in the spring before new growth emerges.

Soil Testing: Conduct a soil test to determine the specific nutrient needs of your soil. This can help you tailor your fertilizer application to address any deficiencies or imbalances.

Avoid Over-Fertilization: Over-fertilization can harm plants, so be cautious not to exceed the recommended application rates. Excessive nitrogen can lead to lush foliage at the expense of flowers.

Remember that while fertilization is important for promoting healthy growth and flowering, other factors like sunlight, moisture, and proper care also play crucial roles in the overall health and blooming of Louisiana Irises. Properly timed and balanced fertilization, in combination with good cultural practices, will help your irises thrive and produce beautiful blooms.

If your Louisiana Iris is not blooming, there could be several reasons for this issue:

Light: Louisiana Irises generally require full to partial sun to bloom successfully. Ensure that your iris plants are receiving adequate sunlight. If they are in a shaded area, consider moving them to a sunnier spot.

Soil Quality: These irises thrive in well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil. Check the soil pH and make sure it falls within the recommended range (around 6.0 to 7.0).

Moisture: Louisiana Irises prefer consistently moist soil. Ensure that the soil is consistently damp, especially during the growing season. Adequate irrigation is crucial for healthy blooming.

Fertilization: Proper fertilization can stimulate flowering. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer, preferably one formulated for irises, in early spring.

Crowding: Overcrowding can inhibit blooming. If your iris plants are too close together, consider dividing them to provide more space.

Disease and Pests: Check for signs of disease or pest infestations, which can stress the plants and reduce flowering. Treat any issues promptly.

Age of Plants: Young iris plants may take a couple of years to establish themselves before producing abundant blooms. Be patient, and with time, they should bloom more prolifically.

Winter Protection: In colder climates, providing protection during the winter months can help the plants survive and bloom. Mulch around the base of the plants to insulate them from freezing temperatures.

By addressing these potential issues, you can improve the chances of your Louisiana Irises blooming successfully. Remember to regularly monitor their care and make adjustments as needed to encourage healthy flowering.

If you're noticing your Louisiana Irises, specifically the 'Black Gamecock' variety, exhibiting brown or drooping leaves, there are several potential causes to consider. Understanding these can help in effectively caring for these beautiful garden plants.

Watering Issues: Louisiana Irises thrive in moist environments. If they are not receiving enough water, their leaves can turn brown and droop. On the other hand, overwatering can also lead to similar symptoms due to root rot. Ensure a consistent watering schedule, keeping the soil moist but not waterlogged.

Sunlight Exposure: While these irises enjoy full to partial sun, too much direct sunlight, especially in hotter climates, can lead to leaf scorching, causing brown leaves. Alternatively, insufficient sunlight can weaken the plants, leading to drooping.

Nutrient Deficiencies: Poor soil quality or lack of proper fertilization can lead to nutrient deficiencies. Louisiana Irises benefit from a balanced, slow-release fertilizer applied in early spring to promote healthy growth.

Pest Infestations: Pests like iris borers or aphids can damage the plant, leading to brown or drooping leaves. Regular inspection and appropriate pest control measures are vital.

Disease: Fungal diseases, such as root rot or leaf spot, can cause browning and drooping. Ensure good air circulation and avoid overhead watering to prevent fungal growth.

Environmental Stress: Extreme weather conditions, such as prolonged drought or frost, can stress the plants, leading to drooping and browning.

In summary, maintaining the right balance of watering, sunlight, nutrition, pest control, and disease management is key to keeping your 'Black Gamecock' Louisiana Irises healthy and vibrant. Regular observation and timely intervention can prevent and remedy these issues.

Our Process

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!